A sore throat or burning sensation is usually not something to be concerned about. A sore neck is usually caused by a common infection such as a cold or streptococcal. This symptom is rarely caused by a serious condition.
A burning sensation in the throat is a sign of a medical condition. Here are some things to look out for and when you should see your doctor.
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1. Acid reflux or GERD
Acid reflux is the back up of acid from your stomach into you esophagus. Heartburn can be caused by acid reflux . Acid reflux occurs when acid rises into your throat from a ruptured muscle between your stomach esophagus.
Heartburn and GERD symptoms
This acid can cause a burning sensation in your chest and throat, as well as a bitter or sour taste in your mouth and throat. These symptoms can be mild or severe.
Acid reflux that is severe or frequent can be called gastroesophageal acid disease (GERD).
Other signs of GERD include:
- You can taste a sour substance in your throat
- Trouble swallowing
- chest pain
- hoarse voice
- Feeling like food is stuck to your throat
You may feel worse after eating a large meal or when you lay down at night.
Heartburn and GERD Treatment
Some treatments may be able to relieve symptoms such as:
- H2 blockers
- proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
- Prescription medication
- Surgery or any other procedure
You may be referred to your doctor for lifestyle modifications.
- Dietary modifications
- Weight Management – Recommendations
- Sleep adjustments
- Smoking Cessation
2. Postnasal drip
Your nose’s mucus can build up and drip down your throat. This is known as postnasal drainage.
This can be caused by a cold, other respiratory infections, allergies or cold weather.
Postnasal drip symptoms
Constant drips of fluid can cause irritation to your throat. Postnasal drip eventually causes tonsil swelling and can cause soreness.
Postnasal drip can also cause other symptoms such as:
- You feel a tickle in the throat
- Frequent swallowing
- Clearing your throat
- bad breath
Postnasal drip treatment
Treatment recommendations will be guided by the diagnosis of the root cause of postnasal drops. If allergies are the cause, antihistamines or decongestants might be recommended.
How to treat sinus drainage Use one of these home remedies to treat sinus drainage.
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3. Strep throat
Strep throat occurs when group A streptococci bacteria causes a common throat infection. When someone infected speaks, coughs or sneezes, it spreads and releases bacteria-laden droplets into the air.
It is possible for strep throat to be contagious. How to prevent transmission.
Strep throat symptoms
A sore throat is the main symptom. Sometimes, the pain is so severe that swallowing becomes painful.
Some other symptoms include:
- Tonils may appear red and swollen, with white streaks or patches.
- Red bumps on the roof
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck
- stomach pain
Treatment for Strep throat
Antibiotics are often used to treat a sore throat. Simple throat swabs can confirm your diagnosis and allow you to get the proper treatment. You can also use over-the-counter pain relief medications to ease your symptoms.
Within a few days of receiving antibiotics, you should feel better.
4. Common cold
The common cough can cause sore throats. Although it can be painful, this viral infection of the upper pulmonary tract is usually not serious. The majority of adults experience 2 to 3Trusted Source common colds each year.
These symptoms are not only common with a sore throat but also can be caused by a cold:
- Runny nose
- stuffy nose
- Body aches
- Low fever
Although there is no single treatment for a common cold, you can take steps that will help to ease symptoms and make it better.
- Using over-the-counter pain relief medications
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Gargling with warm saltwater
- Getting lots of rest
The symptoms of cold should disappear within one week to ten days. These home remedies may help relieve your symptoms.
Influenza, also called the flu is a contagious viral disease. Influenza can cause a sore throat, as well as many other symptoms similar to a cold.
The flu can also be very serious. It can cause serious complications, such as pneumonia.
These symptoms can appear within one to four days after being exposed to the flu virus.Trusted Source
- Runny nose
- Muscle aches
If you visit your doctor within 48 hours of symptoms onset, prescriptions can be made for flu.
You can also take over-the-counter medication or eat chicken soup to ease your symptoms.
Infectious Mononucleosis also known as “mono,” can be a contagious disease that is usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus.
The virus spreads via bodily fluids such as saliva. It is common in 1 of 4Trusted Source teens and young adults.
Symptoms typically appear between 4 and 6 weeks after the infection. Mono is characterized by a severe sore throat. Other symptoms include:
- extreme tiredness
- Body aches
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck and armpits
- Swelling in the liver and spleen
Treatment for Mononucleosis
Mono is not a specific condition that can be treated with antibiotics. Your doctor might recommend other treatments depending on the area the infection is located.
Treatment is usually limited to steps that relieve symptoms and promote healing.
- Use over-the-counter pain relief or fever reducers
- Get plenty of rest
- Stay hydrated
7. Peritonsillar abscess
Peritonsillar Abscess refers to an infection of the neck and head. This happens when pus builds up in the throat near the tonsils, causing the throat to become swollen and painful. This is a common problem in young adults.
Peritonsillar abscess can often be a side effect of tonsillitis. This condition can become severe if you do not treat it. The swelling can push your tonsils into your throat, causing blockage in your breathing.
Peritonsillar abscess signs
A swollen, tender throat, difficulty breathing and difficulty swallowing are all possible symptoms.
- Trouble swallowing, or difficulty opening your mouth wide?
- swollen lymph nodes in your neck
Treatment for peritonsillar abscess
The abscess is usually removed. Sometimes, it may be necessary to perform a tonsillectomy. This is the procedure that removes the tonsils.
It is crucial to get treatment right away. The abscess may spread to other parts of the body if it is not treated promptly. It is possible for the peritonsillar abscess to grow so large it can block your airway.
8. Burning mouth syndrome
Burning Mouth Syndrome This is when you feel as though your throat and mouth are burning. This could be due to nerve problems or a condition such as dry lips.
Burning mouth syndrome symptoms
It can occur in your throat, entire mouth, cheeks, tongue, roof, or back of your mouth. Other symptoms include:
- Numbness or tingling
- Taste senses altered or lost
- Increased thirst
Burning mouth syndrome treatment
Many times, treatment includes working with a dentist in order to correct bad habits such as grinding your teeth and clenching the jaw. Sometimes, medication may be necessary to manage the pain.
Lifestyle tips such as drinking a cold drink, chewing sugarless gum, and sucking on ice chips can help you to find relief.
Esophagitis is inflammation of the esophagus. This can be caused by acid reflux, bacterial, viral, or medication side effects.
These are some of the most common symptoms:
- Sore throat
- Trouble swallowing
To determine the cause of esophagitis, it is important to identify and treat it. If a food allergy, also known as Eosinophilic Esophagitis, is the cause, then treatment may be as simple as removing the food trigger.
If left untreated, esophagitis may lead to scarring, ulcers, and narrowing the esophagus. This can become a serious medical emergency. It is important to get the right diagnosis and treatment.
10. It could be cancer.
Rarely, you may feel pain when swallowing. This could be an indication of esophageal and throat cancer. A sore throat can be caused by colds, flu, or other infections.
Infections can cause a burning sensation in the throat that will disappear within a week. The pain from cancer will not go away.
Other symptoms of cancer include:
- Trouble swallowing
- A lump in the neck
- Ear pain, ringing in ears
- heartburn or indigestion
- weight loss
You should consult your doctor if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. Your doctor can diagnose the problem and recommend any next steps.
How do you soothe the pain
There are some things you can do to relieve a sore throat.
- Mix 8 ounces of warm water with 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon salt. Gargle.
- You can eat a throat lozenge.
- Warm liquids such as tea with honey are good to drink. You can also eat ice cream. Both heat and cold feel great on a sore throat.
- To add moisture to the air, turn on a cool mist humidifier. This will keep your throat from drying out.
- You can also take an over-the counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, (Advil).
- Get lots of fluids, particularly water.
When should you see your doctor
A sore throat usually heals in a matter of days. If the pain persists for more than one week, or if it is unusually severe, see your doctor.
If you have any of these symptoms, along with a burning sensation in your throat, you should see your doctor.
- Fever of 101°F (38.3°C) or greater
- Trouble swallowing or opening your lips?
- Trouble breathing
- Blood in your saliva and phlegm
- A rash